Friday, December 28, 2012

Ignition as a chat client?

I am always finding new ways to use Ignition. Recently, I have been getting a lot of requests about whether or not you can send chat messages from one client to another. The answer to that question is simple, YES! The answer is almost always yes with Ignition because it is so versatile.

I think the real key to Ignition is the ability to talk to any SQL database. Every company today is likely using SQL databases and may not even know it. At its simplest form, a SQL database is nothing more than a collection of information. What makes a database so powerful is how easy it is to transfer data back and forth from the database. That is where the SQL language comes into play. SQL is easy to learn and provides a ton of power. The language also follows a standard, making it easy to work with different database vendors such as MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, and Oracle. Ignition was developed from the beginning to work with SQL databases. Ignition naturally connects and runs SQL queries to any database.

To make a chat client, all we need is a little knowledge of the SQL language and a bit of creativity. Ignition is server based which means a every client communicates back to the central Ignition server. The Ignition server communicates with the SQL database. Because of that, every client looks at the same SQL database information. So, if one client adds information to a database then all of the other clients can immediately see the new information. That is perfect for a chat client. To configure a chat client we need to know who is currently logged into each client and add a table in the database that will store the chat messages.

Let's make our chat client so you can send a message to all users or one particular user. Each client that you login to registers a session on the Ignition Gateway (server). We can easily run a simple scripting function, system.util.getSessionInfo(), to list all of the people currently logged into a client. The function returns a dataset of all the current running client sessions. Each row represents a session with the following columns:
  • username (String)
  • project (String)
  • address (String)
  • isDesigner (Boolean)
  • clientId (String)
  • creationTime (Date)

We just need to pick out the rows where the isDesigner flag is false. Here is an example:

sessions = system.util.getSessionInfo()
users = []
for session in sessions:
if session["isDesigner"] == 0:
users.append(session["username"])
print users

Now, let's identify all of the pieces of information we need to store in the database when we the send the message:

user = who sent the message
time = date / time the message was sent
recipient = who to send the message to (if any, NULL when to all users)
message = the actual message

In our database, we just need to create a table with the columns above. Every database table must have a primary key. The primary key of a table uniquely identifies each record in the table. I typically choose an "Auto Incrementing" primary key where the database sets the value for me based on a sequence starting at 1. I am going to use MySQL as the example. You can open the MySQL Workbench tool to graphically build the table. At the end of the day, the tool constructs a SQL query to create the table. It looks like this:

CREATE  TABLE `test`.`chatmessages` (
  `id` INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ,
  `username` VARCHAR(45) NOT NULL ,
  `t_stamp` DATETIME NOT NULL ,
  `message` TEXT NOT NULL ,
  `recipient` VARCHAR(45) NULL ,
  `flags` VARCHAR(45) NULL ,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) );

You can see that the id column is auto incrementing and is the primary key. I also added another column to the table called flags for different types of messages. The recipient column allows NULLs so  you can send the message to all users. You can run the above query in the MySQL Workbench tool to create the table.

Now that the table is built, we can create a screen in Ignition to view and send messages by running SQL queries to the database. There are 4 main types of SQL queries:

SELECT - retrieve data from the database
INSERT - insert new records
UPDATE - update (edit) records
DELETE - delete records

All we care about is the SELECT and INSERT commands. We use the SELECT command to view the chat messages and the INSERT command to send a new chat message.

We have a lot of options for how we want to view the chat messages. We can use a table, comments panel, or list component. All of them have a dataset property that can be bound (linked) to a SQL query that retrieves the messages from the database. The query looks something like this:

SELECT t_stamp, username, message, recipient FROM chatmessages ORDER BY t_stamp ASC

We can use a text field component to send out a new message. We just need to setup a simple script on the text field that inserts the message into the database when the user presses enter. The script looks something like this:

if event.keyCode == event.VK_ENTER:
message = event.source.text

if message == "":
system.gui.messageBox("Please enter in a message")
else:
username = system.security.getUsername()
system.db.runPrepUpdate("INSERT INTO chatmessages (username, t_stamp, message) VALUES (?,CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,?)", [username, message])

Of course, we can add some more features to the script above. 

Really that is it! All we configured is a single database table and a single Ignition screen to make a chat client.

One of my main goals through this blog is to not only guide you through creating these types of applications but to also give you actual projects that you can download and use. I have created an Ignition screen that demonstrates everything we talked about. It uses a MySQL table and has a few more features built-in. Click on the link below to download.

Ignition chat client

It is a .proj backup. You can import it into your project through the Ignition designer by selecting File > Import... from the file menu.

If you type in a message and press enter it will send the message to all users. If you double click on a logged in user to the right, it will send the message directly to that person. In that case, it will put the following into the text box:

/msg admin here is my message

The /msg admin tells the script who to send the private message to. Only users other than yourself will show up in the logged in list to the right.

Feel free to customize it any way you want. Enjoy!

Thursday, December 27, 2012

Welcome to my Blog!

Ignition by Inductive Automation
Hello, my name is Travis Cox. I am the Director of Training and Support Services for Inductive Automation. Inductive Automation develops Ignition, a HMI / SCADA / MES software platform that is everything you need in one powerful, integrated solution. I have taken thousands of tech support calls and have trained hundreds of people on how to use Ignition. Along the way, I have developed several tricks and best practices that make developing future projects easier.

I get asked by a lot of my customers: "Do you have a blog that I can follow?" Now I do. I want to share all of my Ignition tips and tricks. Ignition is extremely powerful and most people don't even scratch the surface of what it can really do.

I am truly excited about being part of Inductive Automation. The company is growing extremely fast and we have some exciting times ahead of us.

Sit back and enjoy the ride!